Multan, the land of the mystics, is perhaps the world’s oldest surviving metropolis. Multan’s history is entwined with that of the subcontinent. From Alexander to the Moughals and up to the British, every invader struggled for possession of the city. Multan is located around one hundred kilometers from Punjab, at the confluence of Punjab’s five great rivers. There are more saints’ and Sufi’s tombs in Multan than anywhere else in the globe.
Multan’s urban typology is comparable to that of other ancient towns in South Asia, including as Peshawar, Lahore, and Delhi – all of which were founded beside a major river and had both an old walled city and a royal fortress. Unlike other cities, Multan has lost its royal citadel, which was substantially destroyed by the British in 1848, resulting in a deterioration of the city’s urban fabric.
With the creation of burial monuments in the 14th century, a distinct Multani style of architecture developed. It is marked by huge brick walls strengthened with wooden anchors and inward sloping roofs. The city’s residential portions, which incorporate aspects of Multani mausoleums, also mirror funerary architecture.
The city is dominated by towering brick and marble shrines, most notably those of its eleventh-century patron saint Shah Rukn-e-Alam and Hazrat Bahauddin Zikria, as well as numerous others, including shah Shams Tabrez. They are not only revered by the indigenous people, but also by the hundreds of pilgrims that flock to these sites in pursuit of spiritual enlightenment. Indeed, Multan’s galaxy of mosques and mausoleums speaks eloquently of the city’s grandeur and sublimity. Other noteworthy attractions in Multan include the fort, which towers majestically above the city, and the Eidgah mosque, which dates back to the 18th century. Multan thrived during the Mughal dynasty, becoming renowned for its singers and artists who created a unique style of blue painting and glazed ceramics.
Moreover, Dr. Akhtar Malik, provincial Minister for Energy, announced the promotion of tourism in Multan while chairing a meeting at the South Punjab Secretariat.
The gathering was informed on many current city projects, including the repair of Hazrat Bahauddin Zakaria and Hazrat Shah Rukn-i-Alam shires, which will cost Rs19 million, and the restoration of the Qasim Fort, which will cost Rs30 million.
The city’s heritage programme was announced in accordance with the Prime Minister’s plan.
Minister for Culture Khayal Ahmed Castro and Additional Chief Secretary South Punjab Capt. R Saqib Zafar attended the meeting, as did Chairman Walled City Project Muhammad Nadeem Qureshi, MPA Javed Akhtar Ansari, Commissioner Dr. Irshad Ahmed, Deputy Commissioner Amir Karim Khan, DG PHA and Metropolitan Corporation officials, and Prof. Sajida Haider Windal.